There are three types of genetic conditions
The 3 types of genetic conditions are single-gene conditions, multi-gene conditions, and chromosomal conditions.
- Monogenic conditions
Monogenic conditions—like hemophilia—are caused by a mutation in a single gene. Other examples include cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease
- Multifactorial inheritance conditions
Multifactorial inheritance conditions, or multi-gene conditions, develop from multiple small genetic mutations and can lead to some of the more common diseases we’re familiar with, such as heart disease and diabetes
- Chromosome disorders
Chromosome disorders are caused by changes to the number or structure of chromosomes. Down syndrome is the most common disorder related to this type of abnormality